In 1874, when Pedro Poveda Castroverde was born, Linares was an important town because mines were excavated there to extract lead. They attracted workers, even immigrants, who would work under hard conditions. There were some who accumulated riches. At the same time, this town was also an arena for the coexistence of different political parties and cultural emerging trends that were debated in Spain.
The Poveda family could be described as an educated middle class family, sensitive to social problems and with friends among the rich and the poor. Don José, the father, worked as a chemist in a mining company and the mother was a housewife with five boys.